Wood/O'Neill Family History
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NEW Rowland (Roland) Hill

NEW Rowland (Roland) Hill

Male 1822 - 1877  (55 years)

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  • Name NEW Rowland (Roland) Hill 
    Born 22 Jan 1822  Devizes, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 6 Aug 1877  St. Kitts, West Indies Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I590  Wood/O'Neill
    Last Modified 8 Mar 2014 

    Family 1 PRENDERGAST (ALSO PENDEGASS) Sarah Jane,   b. 1832,   d. 29 Jun 1862  (Age 30 years) 
    Married 19 Jun 1848 
     1. NEW Rowland (Roland) Hill,   b. 13 Jan 1851, Poona, Bombay India Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 May 1930, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)
     2. NEW Ruth Sarah Jane,   b. 13 Dec 1852, Poona, Bombay, India Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. NEW James Michael Moses,   b. 2 Jan 1855, Poona, Bombay, India Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1877, Antigua, West Indies Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 21 years)
     4. NEW Mary Elizabeth Blanche,   b. 9 Mar 1857, Deesa, Bombay, India Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Nov 1941, St Paul, Nevis, West Indies Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     5. NEW Fanny Annie Augusta,   b. 3 May 1860, Kurrachee, Bombay, India Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. NEW George Albert Herbert,   b. 10 Apr 1862, Kirkee, Bombay, India, Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Apr 1944, Brooklyn, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)
    Family ID F418  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 HORTON Sarah Annie Louisa,   b. Abt 1831 
    Married 5 Jun 1865  Poona, India Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 9 Feb 2014 
    Family ID F70  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Rowland Hill New
    Rowland Hill New
    Rowland served in India and later on the island of St Kitts as the Inspector of Police.

  • Notes 
    • Records found in India House

      He attested for the East India Company's Horse Artillery in London on Aug 8, 1842. On enlistment he was described as a 19 years old 6 months of age, 5' 7" tall, fresh complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes, stout person. He was a native of St. John's, Devizes, Wiltshire. His previous occupation was that of a servant. He embarked on the Falcon, Oct. 14, 1842 and arrived in Bombay, India on Feb. 20, 1843.3
      He was posted as a Gunner (No. 1017) with 2nd Troop, Bombay Horse Artillery. In 1854, he was in the attack on Awah. He was shown as a Sergeant Major in 1856. In 1858 in the siege and capture of Kolar, and the battle of Beuasse, and was Provost Marshall to General Roberts. He re-enlisted for 5 years on July 22, 1859 and volunteered for the Royal Artillery at Kirkee in Oct. 14, 1861.
      During his service in India he received the Medal for Long and Meritorious Service, with an annuity of 15 pounds, and he was given the Indian War Medal.

      CO 152/119
      Rowland was paid 200 pounds per annum as Inspector of Police in St. Kitts plus 35 pounds for the upkeep of a horse. His appointment was eclipsed by the dreadful furore attached to the dismissal of his predecessor who was obviously a very unpleasant character about whom his juniors submitted letters to the Governor who eventually dismissed him with ignominy and without a pension. All this meant that Rowland's appointment almost went unnoticed.
      Under his command as Inspector of Police, he had 3 sergeants earning 50 pounds per annum each; 2 corporals earning 37 pounds per annum; 35 privates, divided into 3 classes - 1st class, 10 men, 2nd class, 10 men, 3rd class, 15 men; besides rural constables.


      NEW, at his residence in this town on the night of Monday, the 6th, inst. Captain Rowland Hill New, late of the D Brigade, R.H.A., Inspector of Police, and Drill Instructor to the Militia, aged 55 years.

      It is with unalloyed feeling of deep regret indeed that the painful duty devolves upon us this week to chronicle the death of Captain ROLAND HILL NEW, Esq, late of the D Brigade, Royal Horse Artillery, Inspector of Police and Drill Instructor to the Militia of this Presidency. This melancholy event occurred at his residence in this town at about a little after ten o' clock last night after a short, but severe illness.

      The deceased Gentleman was born at Devizes, Wiltshire, England, on the 29th day of January, 1822. He entered the army in the year 1842, and during the first twenty years of his service he rose from the lowest to the highest rank of a Non-Commissioned Officer, without a single entry of any sort or description, and obtained the Medal for Long and Meritorious Service, with an annuity of 15 pounds, receiving also the Commission of Quartermaster which he held for 12 years prior to his appointment by the Secretary of State for the Colonies as Inspector of Police for this Presidency.

      A marked testimony of the high estimation in which he held by the Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers, and men of his regiment, was shown on the occasion of his departure from England to this Island by the presentation of a Testimonial to him by Colonel Fuller on behalf of himself, and his brother Officers in the Mess Room, Portobello Barracks, Dublin, on the evening of the 11th of Sept 1874, consisting of a silver Claret Jug and Salver, bearing the following inscription: Presented by the Officers of the D Brigade, Royal Horse Artillery as a token of their esteem and regard to Captain Rowland Hill New on his retirement from the Army after a service of 32 years, Dublin, September 1874.
      Mr. New was a thorough Gentleman in the strictest sense of the word and appeared in his social intercourse with all classes with whom he came in contact with, and to have been free from those narrow-minded prejudices which form the curse of all small West Indian communities. Few men have descended to the grave enjoying a larger share of public esteem and respect than the subject of this notice, and that being won in the comparatively short period of about two years and ten months. A strict disciplinarian, and punctual in the performance of his public duties, his mandates to those placed immediately under him in authority might at first sight have appeared to savour somewhat of rigour, but this on a closer observation was found to be but the mannerism which he derived from that professional military training which he received in earlier years, sobered by lengthened experience. As a conservator of the public peace, in his late official capacity, his was a keen sense of justice, and a clear discerner between right and wrong without any respect whatever of class or creed. In him too, the Press of the Island has lost a staunch supporter.
      In short, in whatever relation we view the demise of this lamented Gentleman, whether in the public or private walks of life, we cannot but arrive to any other conclusion save that his removal from among us is a public calamity, and his loss, one that cannot easily be replaced, whilst the gloom it has carried into our social circles indicates the estimation in which he was universally held. This morning at the announcement of his death, the flags at Government House, the Treasury Building, Fort Thomas, and those of the vessels in port were immediately hoisted at half-mast in token of the respect which had been entertained for the departed's worth.
      Such as he was, such we have endeavoured to delineate his character which required the pen of a writer more ready than ours...the pencil of an artist whose touches are more exquisite. There can be no doubt however, that a good and useful man has passed away from amongst us, leaving a sad blank which cannot easily be filled, and since,..."we know not where is that Promethean heat that can his light relume."
      We can only take consolation in imitating his public virtues, and by tendering respectfully the condolence of the Press to his bereaved and disconsolate family. Truly it may be said of him in his late official capacity in this Presidency, he was a man, take him all in all, we neer shall look upon his like again.
      Punctually at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, the deepest silence prevailed and the bells tolled softly while the body was being conveyed to the gun carriage drawn by six black horses, and his horse behind the carriage with his sword, boots and helmet. Bells of the Wesleyan Chapel and those of the Moravian Church tolled until the cortege arrived at St Peters Church. The Band playing the Sililian Mariners Hymn, the entire Police Force of the Presidency marched with arms reversed, the Horse Artillery, Lieut Todd in command under the orders of Lieut Wigley. The body in the coffin wrapped in the Union Jack. The servants of the deceased and the two sons of the deceased were chief mourners.
      His Honor, the President, A.W. Moir, Esq, C.M.G. in full uniform; His Honor S.T. Pemberton, Second Puisine Judge of the colony of the Leeward Islands; Captain and Adjutant Reginald Harper, Cavalry; Captain W.W. Reid, Artillery: Lieut Colonel T.P. Berridge; Staff Surgeon W.J. Branch, M.D. and Captain G.W. Gordon, Cavalry. The Clergy, members of the other Learned Professions, Members of the Legislative Assembly, Planters, Merchants, and other respectable inhabitants two and two. The corpse, on arriving at the Church was received at the vestibule by the Honorable and Venerable G.M. Gibbs, M.A., who proceeded to read over the grave by the Archdeacon, and three volleys fired over the same by the Police Corps under the command of Sgt. Lewis. The officers wore crepe armlets, and the procession attracted a great many spectators.

      A few words about this great self-made man who rose from a small humble family to a lofty position in the British Army: Captain New joined his regiment in England and was sent out to India. While serving his time there, met and married a Miss Pendegass [Prendergast], who bore him six children. This eldest son named after his Father became Supt. of the East India and Panama Telegraph Co. [This is incorrect - it was the Indo-European Telegraph Department.]

      His other son, James was Manager of the Telegraph office on the Island of St. Kitts, West Indies, was transferred to the Island of Antiqua, where he died after a short illness. Captain New fought in the Indian Mutiny in 1857, also the Afghanistan War. After serving his time of 32 years, he was called back to England and for his faithful service, was commissioned as Inspector of Police to the Island of St. Kitts, W.I.-B.W.I., and just before he departed this life was being appointed as Inspector General to be stationed at Barbados. He was to be in full control of all the Windward Islands.